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Use gold, silver, copper, iron, tin and other metal materials, or metal materials as the main supplemented by other materials, processed into handicrafts. It has a heavy, vigorous, luxurious, elegant and fine style. Metal crafts are mainly produced in Beijing, Shanghai, Jiangsu, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang, Shandong and other places.
The earliest metal crafts in China are copper crafts unearthed from the Majiayao Culture, Dawenkou Culture and Qiaojia Culture in the Middle Neolithic Age. Gold crafts appeared in the Shang Dynasty. During the Warring States period, there were crafts made by combining a variety of metal materials and metal and non-metal materials (jades, colored glaze). In the Han Dynasty, exquisite knitting, stacking and inlaid products of gold and silver wires were produced. The Tang Dynasty was the heyday of metal crafts, especially silver crafts, which created relief-like art effects of gold and silver chisel crafts. In the Song, Yuan, Ming, and Qing Dynasties, due to the advancement of smelting technology and the increase of metal materials, metal crafts have developed greatly. There are not only crafts made of various metals and materials, but also various crafts. Combination of crafts. The famous metal crafts in ancient China include bronzes from the Shang Dynasty, gold and silver complexes from the Warring States Period, bronze mirrors and jewelry from the Tang Dynasty, Xuande furnaces from the Ming Dynasty, and cloisonne from the Qing Dynasty. From the 1970s to the 1980s, metal crafts such as aluminum alloy, titanium, and platinum appeared, and new processes such as corrosion paint filling, titanium cathode oxidation coloring and negative oxygen ion plating were innovated. The metal crafts of China's Tibetan, Mongolian, and Miao ethnic minorities are also very famous. The production organization in each historical period is also different. In ancient times, metal crafts were mostly enjoyed by princes and nobles, especially precious metal crafts, which were monopolized by the court handicraft industry. Due to the development of metal materials in the Tang Dynasty, folk production appeared. There were silver shops in the Song Dynasty. Non-governmental production of silverware increased in the Yuan Dynasty. In the Ming and Qing dynasties, folk crafts of metal crafts were more prosperous. The main form was the silver building in the front shop and the back factory, and there were also individual craftsmen who walked the streets to make them. After the 1950s, it was produced by the factory and distributed by the commercial department.
Chinese metal crafts can be divided into goldware, silverware, bronzeware (including antique copper, spotted copper, etc.) according to materials, Tinware, iron paintings, etc. According to the purpose, it is divided into three categories: utility products, display products and jewelry. Practical items include daily utensils such as bottles, plates, stoves, hot pots, copper pots, silver tableware, tin wine sets, tea sets, and religious and Buddhist supplies such as bells, plates, stoves, bells, etc. Such practical handicrafts are generally cast, forged, engraved, engraved, welded, embedded, etc., and have a relief-like decoration, which is different from ordinary daily necessities. The exhibits include screens, wall decorations, ornaments, car decorations, horse decorations, sedan decorations, and various antique items such as tripod, smoked, halogen, goblets, and jue. Jewelry includes hairpins, rings, bracelets, necklaces, earrings, tie clips, cufflinks, corsages, collar flowers, etc. In addition, there are metal crafts that combine practicality and decoration, such as walking sticks, swords, clocks, fountain pens, thermometers, etc.
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